I am continuing my efforts to retrieve/extract the Jewish records from the Catholic parish of Biechow during the years when the Catholic Church was ordered to act the civil registration authority. My previous postings were for the years 1810-1818. inclusive.
These are the Jewish Births from 1819 recorded in Biechow parish. Ergo, this posting brings us upto: 1810-1819 inclusive. The prior post is here .
Before I begin, I have been watching the evolution of names in the church register and I thought I would offer a few observations. First off, I am a gentile genealogist. So my treatment of Jewish names as rendered in the Polish language with its complex grammar is suspect — but I am learning.
So earlier I have been struggling with the surname: Golbarka or Goberka (also rendered as Golbarkow). First off, the assumption of ‘bark’ vs ‘berk’ due to poor writing and page condition is definitely off. I now know the name is Golberg (or we would probably render in 20th century English as Goldberg/Goldburg). I think I will keep the Golberkow ending as this is the grammatical construct for referring to the family as when writing the woman’s maiden name.
Notice I have decided to drop the ending ‘a’ on men’s names — which I am also thinking I should do on many first names as well, but my lack of experience with Jewish names of the 19th century Poland causes me to wonder how to apply what William Hoffman calls, ‘The Chopping Block’ to both first and last names when Jewish. So forgive me when I write: Moska, Mendla and Herszla(which in 20th century America I’d write as Herschel as in Herschel Walker). I know I need to drop the ending ‘a’, but I am not certain as to how to write those names, so I leave them as I find them for someone more expert than I to correct. My apologies in advance.
We see three births out of 104 total births. That represents a population of about 2.88% of the total parish population. So we are in the range of 3% +/- 0.25% which seems to be what I have seen in previous years. Again realize I am trying to give an in idea of the Jewish population in proportion to the entire population of the parish in (not intimating that the Jewish peoples are participants in the church parish activities). The 3% represents a modest growth from the 2.6% in Biechow census from 1787. [See Parish Census at the top of this blog]. According to that same census, the entire set of parishes in the surrounding area was about 6.4% Jewish.
My reason for doing this assessment is to convince the JRI, that it should at some point visit all Catholic parishes to pull out the remaining Jewish people without looking at the amount of effort required to yeild such tiny results. We know they are there — do not leave them behind. After my Social Network Analysis, I am thinking that these non-shtetl Jews are a kind of glue between the surrounding towns/shtetls.
The assessment also shows that Jews and Catholics lived side by side and not segregated [in this very rural area very near to the Austria-Poland partition]. Now this may only be true in Poland and not the rest of “The Pale of Settlement” as defined by the Czars of the Russian Empire. According to Wikipedia, Jews (of the Pale) were not forbidden by the Czars from rural areas until 1882.
Year: 1819 Priest: Jozef Parzelski Gmina: Biechow Powiat: Stopnica Departement: Krakow 104 Total Births LDS Microfilm#: 936660
Record #38 Date: 4/17/1819 [about 1 month earlier than the 5/15/1819 record date]
Father: Mosiek Golberg, Arendarz, Age 34, Wojcza House #60
Mother: Fraydla z Jakow, age 32
Baby: girl Cyra
Witnesses: Moska Samulowicz, kaczmarz, age 36 Biechow & Mendla Abramowicz, pakiarz, <no age>, Wojcza
Record #53 Date: 7/7/1819
Father: Nat Belel, Mlynarz, Age 25, Wojcza House #3 (listed as Jozef Pawelec ‘s house)
Mother: Rucha z Golberkow, age 22
Baby: girl Eydla
Witnesses: Mendla Abramowicz, pakiarz, 28, Wojcza & Moska Szmulowicz, pakiarz, <no age> Wola Biechowska
Record #104 Date: 12/23/1819
Father: Jasek Wolf, pakiarz, Age 45, Biechow House #48
Mother: Blima z Chaymowicz, age 38
Baby: boy Herszla
Witnesses: Zalman Stemberk(Stemberg??), pakiarz, 28, Biechow & Berka Chaymowicz, Handlarz, <no age> Biechow