Archive for ‘Genealogy’

December 12, 2014

Royalty — The Dynasty Continues … #Genealogy

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

GrimaldiTree

10 – December – 2014

The House Grimaldi was founded in 1160 AD with Grimaldo Canelli. Such a long lived and august dynasty deserves much attention and so …
Stanczyk would like to announce the latest royals to be born …

PARIS (AP) – Each newborn got 21 cannon shots, the bells tolled for 15 minutes and the air filled with the sound of boat horns when Monaco’s royal twins were born. And everyone in the tiny principality gets a day off to celebrate.
“I wish to share this moment of happiness with the Monegasque people and more widely with all my country’s residents,” new father Prince Albert II said Thursday.

Princess Charlene gave birth Wednesday to little Gabriella and Jacques, the 28th generation in the dynasty. Long live the Grimaldi Line!


 

December 7, 2014

1772 Map of Poland’s Wojewodztwo (Provinces) — #Map #Genealogy #Poland

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

1772_Woj_Sandomierski

Today, Stanczyk was surfing the Internet when I came upon a map from 1772. This map was just as the first partition of Poland had occurred. This segment of the map was part of a PDF document from:

http://www.wdl.org/en/item/11294/#regions=europe&countries=PL

Entitled: “Map of Poland: Outlining Its Provinces and Voivodeships, 1772“. The document if 40.5MB and is 59 pages (about half of whom are blank pages). In 1772 the map segment shown above was in Sandomierskie wojewodztwo/voivodeship. The map is a bit blurry/grainy, so I had to annotate the section to show Pacanow and Szczucin and the river Vistula/Wisla between them. This segment is from the upper left of  page 43 of the PDF.

This map encompasses a large part of the area that blogs emphasizes from my genealogical research in the Russian-Poland partition (zabor). The area north of the Vistula will become part of the Russian Gubernia Kielce. The area below the Vistula becomes part of the Austrian-Partition, known as Galicia.

Knowing the geography of your ancestral villages (in my case Pacanow) can aid you in your genealogical research by identifying the civil administrative hierarchy that records the births, marriages, and deaths of the people. It can also help to locate parishes and in planning a proximity search for adjoining parishes that may also have records of your ancestors. So knowing the maps/geography can help the researcher locate data and the skilled use of Gazetteers can get you to your ancestral parish or parishes. Maps also show the changing borders over time and how the civil administrative hierarchies change over time.

A good genealogist will also be good at geography (as well as many other skills) in order to locate and read records of your family’s history.

December 5, 2014

The Sad Saga Of The Tsarnaevich — Continuing Story

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

We are one year and eight months into this saga. Recently, I thought I would survey if there were additional stories regarding this saga that flew under national radar and went unnoticed in its reporting.

For example, I asked if a death certificate was issued for Tamerlan Tsarnaev.  One had been in May 2013.

We see that Tamerlan was reported to have been born: 21-October-1986, in Elista Kalmykia, in Kyrgyzstan, Russian [Federation] to Anzor Tsarnaev & Zubiedat Suleimanova. The informant was Ruslan Tsarni [an uncle].

Death Certificate

tsarnaevTamerlan_DeathCertificate_20130419 [PDF document]

 

See Also …

Tsarnaev/Boston Flipboard Curated Magazine

Tsarnaev Genealogy 

The Sad Saga Of The Tsarnaevich


 

 

 

 

 

December 4, 2014

GenBaza News – New OnLine Records … #Polish #Genealogy #Genealogia #Polska

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Stanczyk noted the news from Genbaza over the last two weeks:

Please note the phrase, “dostęp tylko dla indeksujących” means only access to indexes (for indexing?). So it appears we will be getting some new data (and/or images) online very soon.

Some of the parishes/cities are given first in Polish followed by their German name (i.e. Prussian-Poland partition). An example is:  Mierzyn [pl] – Alt Marrin [de]

Here is what they are working on …

 

Nowości w GenBazie

2014-12-02 dodałem — do katalogu AP Koszalin_index – dostęp tylko dla indeksujących
USC Sowno – Zowen
USC Mierzyn – Alt Marrin
USC Stanomino – Standenmin

2014-11-30 — do katalogu AP Kielce (dostęp tylko dla indeksujących)
Książnica Wielka 1699-1906
Kurzelów 1733-1913
Pierzchnica 1875-1913
Tarłów 1810-1873

2014-11-29 — do katalogu AP Gdańsk zindeksowane USC
USC Okalice
USC Leźno
USC Konarzyny Kościerskie – uzupełnienie

2014-11-28  — do katalogu AP Kielce
uzupełnienia Parafii Odrowąż (1909-1912) [Editor. – Parish Supplement]

— do katalogu AP Grodzisk
Grodziec 1909-1912
Czerwińsk alegaty 1808-1822
Leszno alegaty 1826-1837
Nieporęt 1907r
Zaborów alegaty 1855r
Izdebna alegaty 1816 i 1819r
Grodzisk Mazowiecki alegaty 1808-1825

— do katalogu AP Koszalin_index – dostęp tylko dla indeksujących/Zugriff nur für die Indizierung
USC Smęcino – Schmenzin
USC Spore – Sprasse
USC Stare Drawsko – Drahim
USC Stary Chwalim – Valm


Good Luck Hunting!

November 25, 2014

Ancestry App version 6.2 is Released — #Genealogy #Technology

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Stanczyk noted a new release of the Ancestry.com’s app.

Ancestry App version 6.2

In time for thanksgiving, Ancestry, released version 6.2. It looks like they added two features:

  1. Quickly add photos / documents from iCloud and/or Dropbox.
  2. Discover historical events that shaped your ancestor’s lives.

I get the first feature. It leaves me feeling, “meh”. It adds something for some people that have their photos in the cloud (despite all of the security concerns). For me this is a not-going-to-be-used, app “bloat-ware” feature added by some mobile programmer trying to shore up his/her resume.

The second feature is apparently Ancestry trying too add a widget to your daily notifications. I really see that feature  as less than “meh”. It is almost a negative feature in my eyes.

As far as I am concerned this version of the app, you can pass on. Nothing here. Don’t waste your bandwidth, unless you actually use iCloud or Dropbox to store your genealogy images / documents.

I like to keep my images on the phone, in case you cannot reach the Internet in some building (say a courthouse) where the Internet is blocked by wiring or other building materials. No Internet,  will not deter me, I just have my photos organized for quick location on my phone. If its up on a cloud and you have no access to the Internet for some reason  (or your cloud has crashed) then you cannot access the document when you need it and are out mobile doing some genealogy research in some remote location you cannot return again for a long time. But maybe you store pics of your ancestors (and not critical documents in the cloud) and you use that to add a pic to your tree one time. That might be ok, for people with large trees with 10,000+ people whose pics you do not want to clutter your phone with. So I am just “meh” about this upgrade.

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November 24, 2014

Consanguinity & DNA Probabilities — #Genealogy #DNA #Kinship

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Stanczyk last wrote a similarly named article, “Genealogy Consanguinity & DNA“, on 25-August-2014. But in the last week, I read two blogs that made me rethink some of the comments that we received to the blog on the probabilities of autosomal DNA (the non Y-DNA and non mt-DNA). I also read a blog once by William Dollarhide that a Family Tree should represent the DNA, the Consanguinity (how much blood shared). Although I respect the tremendous body of work and prolonged expertise of Mr. Dollarhide, my immediate reaction  was, “No, it does NOT”!

So today’s blog is a mash-up of my August 25th blog, two recent blogs I read, and William Dollarhide’s blog article on the Family Tree represents the DNA.

First off, let me state my bias up front, that I believe the Family Tree represents Legally Defined Familial Relationships as held out by the Family Tree’s owner and that copies or derivative versions or edited/annotated versions are NOT valid! There has been a long history from at least the earliest dynasties of the Pharaohs and probably even older than that the “king”, let me gender-neutral the term, the monarch decides who is family and who is erased from family histories and who inherits and who does not inherit. So we see a very early reason why family trees ARE legal based. If the wife of the monarchical family could not produce a LEGAL heir to inherit or continue the dynasty, one was often adopted or perhaps produced with a surrogate spouse. So we also have a new counter argument enter on very early in the history of families … adoptions. The adopted child may or may not possess some consanguineous blood (DNA). It was not unusual for children of siblings to be adopted if they were orphaned. Or perhaps we can view more upheaval from recent times producing ad-hoc adoptions of non-kin. We need not just accept the modern day gay-couples who adopt or couples with fertility issues who perhaps adopt an overseas child , who may or may not share any consanguinity with either parent, but are none-the-less, legal family members of a family and as such should be in the family tree. We can easily recall just the upheaval of World War II where children from Jewish families were often times ad-hoc adopted in order to save the child’s life and perhaps raised to adulthood without the knowledge of their true DNA (until later). There have been many such stories.

DNA was a late 20th century discovery, so before its discovery, there was simply no way of knowing for sure that a baby arriving from its mother’s womb, was the sire of any man in particular. Here, again we find examples of mistakenly assumed child of both parents, has the DNA of the mother, but none of the father. Yet in most cases, the family tree shows the child with the couple who raised the child and were held out to be its parents (legally).

We have also seen people use a last name to pretend or to get others to think they are from a family. I am thinking now of a man who used the Rockerfeller name when he had no consanguinity with the famous family. There have also been people who claim to have been a long-lost member of the executed Romanov family. But these people are not legally related to the more famous families by their covert or overt claims of familial ties. They are not to be represented in any LEGALLY sanctioned family tree of their creation, nor anyone else’s with those famous families. These faux family members could be EXCLUDED on the basis of DNA in all probability.

We come back to the PROBABILITY portion of this article. DNA and what are the probabilities of consanguineous relatives in the autosomal DNA (not in the direct paternal or maternal lines which can be mathematically determined with reasonable accuracy). When I wrote the blog article from August 25th, people began to immediately take issue with the data visualization that I had sourced on the autosomal boxes. For example, should siblings be 50% consanguineous? In most probabilities, yes. Now let me limit probabilities where by the mother and father are both known for certain — otherwise the mathematics goes out the window.

So siblings share 50% correct? What about identical twins? Who may or may not be 100% identical in DNA. What about fraternal twins or any of the other myriad multiples that can be conceived of? Oh, their DNA probabilities are likely much higher than siblings born from separate births, maybe approaching 100% shared DNA. So now the probabilities of consanguinity are skewed for future generations depending on which child you are in direct lineage from.

Autosomal ProbabilitiesWhat is the accepted standard for probabilities? I recently read a blog by Iowa DNA Project. She included a chart from The International Society of Genetic Genealogists. I have included that chart in this article.

The chart answers most of the questions from people on my first blog that I was not able to answer definitively. Notice one caveat to those probabilities !  These are what we can EXPECT as the probabilities for shared consanguinity.

Why are they not guaranteed? Well the first answer occurred to me because of my knowledge of genetic algorithms (and high school science). The first answer is Mutations. Sometimes when the genes copied from one parent or the other, an inexact copy results in the DNA sequence. There are also a few other things that can go wrong in the sequence.

That is perhaps a nice segue to the second blog I read recently, “Why Your DNA Might NOT Match Your Parents“. This article is actually from July 3rd of this year, but which I read last week. What happens when the mother has a rare condition called Chimerism? A short explanation is the mother has two fertilized eggs in her womb, but then one twin fuses to the other and only a single baby develops and is born. In this case, the baby does NOT share DNA with the mother who is in fact the biological mother but technically shares zero consanguinity with the baby. Now Chimerism is rare but since it has happened recently, it is likely it has happened in the past (albeit rarely) of humankind. Well that really screws up the DNA. Now if you were a direct line descendant from a Chimera baby, your DNA does not match the DNA of the rest of the  family. Let that sink in.

Now without even discussing surrogate mothers or other elaborate fertility techniques or even parthenogenesis, I believe I have completely destroyed the William Dollarhide notion of a family tree being a representation of DNA (or consanguinity). I did not even touch upon infidelity, “kings-privilege”, rape/incest/forced insemination or other known or unknown “ad-hoc adoptions” that occur in family trees with/without knowledge of the family members [since DNA and its use is recent and not widely used]. Nor did we discuss legal  dis-owning or disinheritance until this sentence. Those too would impact a family tree.

Perhaps all Family Trees really are Legally Defined Familial Relationships as held out by the family tree owner! Whether we agree or not or whether we know/believe it or not, the long process of DNA replication and historical/legal edicts have irretrievably altered all of our family trees.

The author wishes to include a post-scriptum on his own Legally Defined Familial Relationships (aka my Family Tree). As for my dear wife, Teréza & I, we felt the need to utilize extreme fertility techniques  in our personal life to produce our own biological children. We have also used legal disownments, disinheritance, name changes and an annulment to separate ourselves from others who have sought to make fraudulent claims of familial status … asserted fraudulent relationships in their own utterances:   for purposes of past, present and/or future schemes to possibly gain money from me, my wife, Teréza  or any future estate and/or cause us harm and other damages!

November 19, 2014

FOUND: Another Genealogist Reconnected to their Ancestral Parish: Pacanów

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

JanMazur_Record214

214 | Mazur | Jan | Żabiec

Stanczyk was in Ancestry.com ‘s forums when I read:

My great grandfather, Jan Mazur (b. 22 Oct 1894) left Żabiec for Hamburg where he boarded the ship Amerika in 1911 and then landed in NYC some time the following year. He married my great grandmother in 1916. He was said to either own or manage a bar in Massachusetts. He died on 27 May 1938, two years after naturalizing.

I have not been able to find any information about his life in Poland. I was told that his mother’s name was Agneiszka (b. ~1870) but his father’s name remains a mystery. Some relatives believe she may not have been married or was widowed shortly after Jan’s birth. We believe he had at least one brother (possibly named Michael) but we have no idea if he stayed in Żabiec or if he also left at some point. Also, it’s been passed down that Agneiszka was at some point involved with a man named Wojciech Zytr. I would love to know if she found happiness with him and if there were any children. Sadly, my grandfather and his older brother have passed away and so any knowledge they had is now lost.

However, I’ve refused to give up hope that I will one day find out if my great grandfather was from Żabiec and if he had family that he left behind. I would love to find out where Jan got his last name from and I want to know what happened to Agneiszka as well.

So, my purpose for posting this message here: Has anyone ever come across information about Mazurs in Żabiec? Or does anyone have a suggestion for where I could potentially find information about my ancestors? I would be so grateful for any response.

So I went to GenBaza in order to aid her. In record 214 (upper left on image), Her great-grandfather Jan Mazur was born in Żabiec. √-Check on Żabiec being the birthplace. The birthdate is 22-November-1894. So the birthday is a very close match, the day and year match and the month is one month later than remembered (November instead of October).

His (Jan the baby whose birth is documented in the picture above) father was Wojciech Mazur, age 30 and his mother was Agnieszka Żyła age 20 (=> a birth of about 1864).  √-Check on mom’s name fitting her family tale, including the approximate birth year.

The witnesses were: Jozef Duponka, age 46 and Wojciech Gurniak age 36.

The God Parents were: Jozef Duponka & Marianna Gurniak.

As for the mystery man named Wojciech Zytr. I propose that the man was Wojciech Mazur (the father). and that Zytr is a corruption/combination of Mazur and Zyla. Especially when you consider that the slashed-l looks a lot like a ‘t’ .

What does “Mazur, Jan”,  look like in Cyrillic (Russian):

MazurJan_InRussianCyrillic


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November 15, 2014

2014 New Years Resolutions … How Did I Do? #Genealogy

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Now that the year is almost 11/12ths over I thought I would reflect back upon my genealogical goals for 2014.

What did I get  accomplished from my …

2014 Resolutions

  1. Rejoin or Renew my genealogical society memberships.  PGSM, PGSA, PGSCT&NE look for my membership fees. I think I will also join WNYGS (Western  NY Genealogical Society) in hopes of doing some Buffalo area research in 2014.

[ 3 for 4; Not Bad. Next Year WNYGS ! ]

  1. Nice segue. I will research the tombstone I found of “Frank Leszczynski” 1866-1943. His birth year and death year are very close to my Frank Leszczynski. How many Frank Leszczynski born in 1860’s can there be? When you factor in he was buried in the St. Augustine cemetery in Lancaster, Erie County, NY then that ratchet ups the probabilities as he lived in Erie County, NY the entire time he lived in the USA and St Augustine was a family church. He was alive in the 1940 US Census so I knew he died after 1940. This tombstone fits the known facts for my Frank Leszczynski — so I resolve to call St Augustine and get the info for this gravesite/tombstone at their cemetery and verify one way or the other if Frank is my grand-uncle.

[ I called (716) 683-5031. No further info beyond tombstone inscription  and grave location:    Row 8, Grave 29; I think I still want to visit the cemetery in 2015. ]

  1. I want to find any info on Frank’s brother John/Jan Leszczynski. He too lived in/around Buffalo. That WNYGS is looking more vital to my needs in 2014.

[ Thanks to Ancestry.com I was able to locate Jan Leszczynski’s son: Jan P. Leszczynski, whose name was so badly mangled I would not have recognized him as an ancestor, except on the form his next of kin was a brother I knew living at an address I knew. So now I knew that Jan served in the Canadian AEF in World War I. I did not expect that. He may have also spent some time in Toledo with his brother Wladyslaw too, away from  Rochester, NY ]

  1. I will register for the United Polish Genealogical Societies too. I miss all my genealogical buddies.

[ Registered and attended thanks to my wife Tereza, who made this trip happen for me! Met old friends, made new friends, made some new finds in Gawlikowski, Kedzierski, Leszczynski, Gronek, and Vespek lines. ]

  1. I want to take some info from Roots Tech 2012 and look deeper now that I have other online resources available. Specifically, the GRONEK and Ozarow/Uzarow families. As a result of Ceil Wendt-Jensen mentioning a FamilySearch.org database having more records than were in Ancestry, I was able to find some new MI records from the Old Man’s WWII Draft. This led me on the GRONEK record to cross-analyze with GENETEKA indexes for STOPNICA and what do you know I confirmed that generation and added/confirmed the names for two more generations of GRONEK. I now realize that I had noted a Piotr GRONEK in LDS microfilm that pertains to this research from the 2012 Roots Tech research trip. I know the Microfilm #, the parish, the year and the Akt#. I just need to get the picture.   [STOPNICA, 1880 Births, Akt # 191, Piotr Gronek, MF# 1807635 in Russian/Cyrillic]

[ Actually thanks to GenBaza, I was able to push back Gronek line two more generations. ]

  1. Ola Heska mentioned on Facebook the need to make a donation to the PTG. I love those guys and their website and databases. So I will make a second donation to them. I once donated 10 $USD to them before METRYKI and GENETEKA. This year I resolve to donate 100 PL  to the PTG for METRYKI. I will beg them to add Pacanow and Stopnica to METRYKI too.

[missed]

  1. Visit Buffalo, specifically the Grosvenor Room of Buffalo & Erie County Public Library.

[missed]

  1. Try to get some USCIS papers (A/C files) for my Eliasz grandparents and maybe a couple Wlecial too.

[missed, although I do have the process down]

  1. Go to Poland. A Genealogical Trip to Kielce (AP and Diocessan Archive too), Biechow & Pacanow villages/churches. I know this one is a bit of a stretch, requiring  good timing and a lot of things to fall into place between now and the trip.

[missed]

  1. Find Walerya Leszczynska ‘s birth record in Biechow? Her brother Michael (aka Mikolaj). Church records for Frank and John (the ones above) too!

[ Huge Success found my grandmother Walerya, her brother, Mikolaj/Michael in Biechow, and marriage record for their half-brother  Jan/John in Stopnica, and Franciszek/Frank’s marriage in Biechow,  all in GenBaza. ]

  1. Find my wife, Teréza’s,  paternal grandparent’s marriage records. I am hoping to find their Ketubah (marriage contract) … at Rodeph Shalom.

[missed]

  1. Assuming, I am successful on #11, then I want to learn to read Hebrew, so I can translate, my wife’s grandparent’s Ketubah for her and our sons. Heritage!

Ok,  I did pretty well on my 2014 resolutions; now lets see how many resolutions in 2015 I can keep. I will probably carry some of these over to 2015. How did you do? Only six more weeks to go people !  I am thankful for my gains.

October 25, 2014

Family History Library – Teaches Russian Handwriting Classes — #Genealogy #Polish #Russian

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Waleria Leszczynska

If your family originates from Poland, … the partition that was under Russian Empire rule:

  • Eastern Poland
  • Ukraine
  • Belarus
  • Lithuania
  • The Jewish Pale
  • Western Russia (formerly Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth)
  • Modern day Russian Federation or other former Russian Empire territories

then you need to be aware that the Family History Library has developed and will be teaching a class in Reading Russian Handwriting (and Printing) this November. It is a four-part class and open to all for free. Each class is two hours long.

The dates are Wednesdays:  November  5th, 12th, 19th, and 26th in classroom B2 starting at 2:00pm  (MT). 8 Hours of free Russian Handwriting instruction.

Classes will be taught by Dennis Everett .

For more details, see the FamilySearch Blog .

 

Stanczyk hopes the classes will be videotaped and posted on the Internet for those of us unable to go to Salt Lake City, UT this November [2014].

Family History Library can you make this a podcast or iTunes Class for downloading?


 

October 17, 2014

Genealogy Roadshow — Philadelphia … #Genealogy , #Media . #TV

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

GenealogyRoadshow_Philly

Stanczyk enjoys PBS and Genealogy. PBS has the excellent series Antique Roadshow so why not a Genealogy Roadshow? This is another fine genealogical series that complements the excellent work by Dr. Henry Louis Gates Jr (Finding Your Roots).

Well the PBS crew, featuring  genealogists Kenyatta D. Berry, Joshua Taylor and Mary Tedesco are coming to Philadelphia, October 25th and 26th to film. This will be broadcast during the winter season coming up.

You can attend this event too. The details are on the Genealogy Roadshow website .

For those unfamiliar with Philadelphia genealogy, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania (HSP). will be featured. Many of the founding families have their genealogies recorded in book-form in a lovely room chock full of leather bound books of family histories.

#GenealogyPBS

October 15, 2014

Wordless Wednesday — Searching For O Z A R O W I C Z #Meme , #Genealogy

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Uzarowicz_CYRYLLICStanczyk  —  has a great-grandmother, Aniela Major / Majer who was the daughter or Marcin Major and Katazyna Ozarowicz. I have found some Major in church records. But, as yet I have been unable to locate Ozarowicz records that connect to my family tree.

At the top is an image, of the OZAROWICZ  (aka Uzarowicz) name as written in Russian/Cyrillic. My Ozarowicz were from Biechow parish (of Stopnica area in the old wojewodztwo Kielce). So today, I am announcing in this blog that I am searching for Ozarowicz from Biechow area.

Click on my Stanczyk  image and drop me an electronic missive if you are one or know one. Thanks!

October 1, 2014

Polish American Heritage Month — 2014 #Genealogy , #History

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Calendar_October_Polish

#WordlessWednesday — The above is a historical calendar for Polish Events in October. So I thought it was perfect for kicking off Polish American Heritage Month.

 

Also, Stanczyk wanted to mention that this month also has an important museum opening in New York City, NY.

MUSEUM OF THE HISTORY OF POLISH JEWS announce its Grand Opening on OCTOBER 28, 2014

The museum will open with eight galleries and span the 1,000 history of Jewish Life in Poland. The press-release provides further details. For more info CONTACT: info@taubephilanthropies.org . In time for Polish American Heritage Month!

 

 

September 23, 2014

Finding Your Roots — #Genealogy , #TV

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

FYR_PBSFinding Your Roots by Dr. Henry Louis Gates Jr.  returns to PBS tonight. The first episode features:

  • Stephen King
  • Gloria Reuben
  • Courtney B. Vance

What’s their connection? Tune in tonight on PBS.

 

– A Stanczyk favorite


 

August 31, 2014

75th Anniversary of the Invasion of Poland — #History #Molotov–Ribbentrop-Pact

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

19390901-german-army-attacks-polandDateline  September 1, 1939 —

Nine days ago, on August 23rd, 1939, Nazi Germany & Soviet Russia signed a Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, formally known as the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.  This was a foreshadow to war.  If you were expecting a Labor Day blog then you are mistaken; Not this year. It has been exactly 75 years since World War II began with the invasion of Poland.

The 20th Century’s most heinous death sprees: World War II, The Holocaust, The Korean War and The Cold War are an era when between 30 Million-nearly 100 Million were killed, some genocidally. Truly a century of madness.

start-WorldWarIIBut it started with the fifth partition of Poland. FIVE ??? Yes, I said five partitions. The first three partitions (zabiory) in 1772, 1793, 1795 were by: Prussia, Austria, and Russia. These are the reason we see: Ger-Poland, Rus-Poland or Aus-Poland in the US Census during the Great Migration era 1870-1920. This jester likens Napoleon’s Duchy of Warsaw as the 4th partition (1807-1815). So when the Nazis and Soviets invade Poland in 1939 to form the General Government, with its Districts: Warsaw, Radom Lublin, and Krakow (2 years hence, 1941 with Operation Barbarosa,  also Galicia) we arrive at the fifth partition.

Stanczyk, mentions those 4 or 5 Districts (Distrikts) as they are important to interpret the administrative hierarchy for the vital records between 1939-1945. It was the same in the prior four partitions of Poland that administrative hierarchy changes occurred.

The largest  civil administrative division, what Americans might think of as Province/State was variously known, depending on partition as:  Provinz/Kreis, Wojewodztwo, Gubernia, Departament and Distrikt. Knowing the civil administrative hierarchy is important in locating your ancestor’s village.

Let’s hope that Russia’s annexation of the Crimean peninsula and the support of the Russian Rebels in Ukraine and the Syrian Civil War giving rise to the fascist Islamic State is not the beginning of the 21st century of madness. Think !


August 28, 2014

Ancestry.com App Turns 6.0 — #Genealogy #Technology

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Ancestry just released their newest version of their mobile application.

Ancestry App

Well testing was brief and then interrupted by Ancestry not being available (to the app; Ancestry.com was ok via the laptop).

 

The interface was lovely, but the constant tinkering with the interface is confusing the end users (at least this end user, who is a professional IT worker) and not intuitive at all.

The speed I could not test with my small tree. But it will reload your tree data  from the website, so something in the data / model must have changed for the app.

 

More  to come when the App can reach the website .. reliably.

 


 

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August 25, 2014

Genealogy Consanguinity & DNA — #Genealogy #DNA #Kinship

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

Genealogy_Consanguinity
Consanguinity Chart Now … by John J. Tierney used via CC rights

 This is a beautiful data visualization tool of “relatedness” (Consanguinity) between yourself and an ancestor/descendant. Stanczyk loves good #STEM.  Mr. Tierney modified his excellent chart to add, “What percentage of DNA do you share with your family members”.

Kinship is characterized by the sharing of a common ancestor(s).  Consanguinity is derived from its Latin root:   consanguineous ∴  “of common blood”.

Today, I wanted to use this excellent chart to talk about the three types of Genealogical DNA tests:

 mtDNA

Y-DNA

autosomal DNA

mtDNA / Y-DNA

This way a genealogist can determine for him/her-self what benefit each type of DNA testing offers. mtDNA is for tracing the matrilineal line (your mother/maternal side). Y-Chromosome is for tracing your patrilineal line (aka surname tracing) or your father’s side. These two dnas are for tracing direct descent as these sex-based chromosomes are copied identically from one generation to the next, not half/half as the autosomal dna chromosome’s dna. Correctly, said the mutations in mtDNA and Y-DNA are more infrequent than the non-sex based genome (i.e. autosome) and they are not mixed like the other 22 chromosome’s dna. If you follow the blue arrows (in the diagram) up/down your family tree that is your linear descent; so you mtDNA to trace your mother’s side and use YDNA to trace your father’s side to your proverbial mitochondrial-Eve or your Y-Adam. You are testing for the blue boxes in our diagram.

So what is autosomal DNA?

Genealogy_Consanguinity_dna1

Inside Red Lines – are autosomal DNA generations.

The autosomal DNA are the dna from the other 22 non-sex chromosomes pairs. Autosomal DNA testing is a genealogical DNA test that uses either autosomal STRs or autosomal SNPs. (STR’s are Short Tandem Repeats; SNPs are single-nucleotide polymorphisms.) However, testing companies do not currently offer autosomal STRs tests that use enough STR markers for genealogy. The preferred choice for both genealogy and ethnic population matching is microarray chips that use hundreds of thousands of autosomal SNPs.

Mathematically, speaking you need at least six generations back before you get enough certainty(99% certainty) to do matching to find distant cousins by using current Genealogical DNA testing. So if you do not have your 4x-great-grandparents’ (all 64 of them) surnames then you are NOT guaranteed to be able to use current DNA tests to determine your relatedness to another genealogist (and his/her ancestors who must also have six generations in their tree too).

I am thinking we are still one or two generations (35-70 years) away from using this as a viable technique that will work with any two random genealogists — mathematically speaking. Obvious exceptions are Icelandiks or Amish or other relatively closed-genetic populations who may have greater success (or counter-intuitively lesser) with fewer generations. Its all in the DNA and in the quality of the testing to catch the diversity in your genome.

You will notice that the fine chart we have been using, including the one with the red-lines (my lines) that indicate autosomal DNA testing candidates, does NOT show enough generations. It would need to be extended one more generation. So we need the surnames of 64 people with whom we only share 1.5675% of our DNA with. That is with direct descent. If we are matching to the autosome DNA  (i.e. our Nth cousin, M-times removed) then we are matching to someone who we may only share 0.0243% blood with. That is 2/100th of 1 percent !

Related Blog Article

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p style=”text-align:justify;”>Violinist’s Thumb24-January-2014 – This has many great links to other articles and includes some pertinent facts on DNA to think about. A Guaranteed thought provoker of a blog.

August 10, 2014

Meme: Things I Found While Looking Up Other Things — 02-JAN-1943, #History #Genealogy

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

19430102_ToledoBlade_Page10Dateline 02-JAN-1943Stanczyk was doing some newspaper research for my family tree residents that resided in Ohio, Lucas County, Toledo.  On 01-JANUARY-1943 Vincent Eliasz died.  From my visit to  Calvary Cemetery in Toledo and speaking with one of the caretakers (Bruce) who was very kind to me in search of my ancestors who were buried there that I wanted to pay my respects to. He opened the cemetery’s old books and showed me the info on my relatives; One of whom was Vincent Eliasz. So I knew that Vincent Eliasz died on Stomach Cancer on January 1st of 1943.

So I was searching Google’s History Newspaper Archive for the Toledo Blade in 1943. I did find Vincent’s death notice — it was helpful at documenting relationships and locales of siblings. But I could not help but notice something else. Of course, in January  1943 , we are 13 months into the USA’s involvement in World War II. So I was fascinated by the pictures and names of the local servicemen posted in the paper. The image at the top is the top half of page 10, Toledo Blade newspaper of  02-JAN-1943 (Saturday). Perhaps one of these men are related to you. Here is the rollcall of these men whose picture was in the newspaper that day:

B.W. Beaverson,   R.L. Cole,   Edward White,   C.J. Schultz,   R.G. Musser,

John h. Schaub Jr.,   Paul Beecher,   Roland Cordrey,   Danny Malecki,   A.F. Rutter,

Sam Maccabee,   R.L. Powell,   E.S. Gallon,   Robert Lewis,   C.C. Kirbey,

Herbert J. Hall, age 25 was just married and returning back to his aircraft carrier in Midway!

The Death Notices & Birth Notices were also on this page. Under the Births let me list two:

Mr & Mrs Clement Plenzler of 1019 Brookley had a boy on Friday [which would be 1/1/1943]

Mr & Mrs Robert Nadolny of 643 Junction had a girl on Friday.

 

* Click on the picture to go directly to the Google Newspaper Archive page *


 

 

August 8, 2014

King Richard III, died August 22, 1485, buried Saturday, March 28, 2015 — #Genealogy, #Royalty

by C. Michael Eliasz-Solomon

RichardIII

King Richard III was dead, you must admit for over 100 years or this story will make no sense. So more than a century had expired before the bard ever gave him the tragedy treatment.  King Richard III ‘s reputation was such a cesspool  of swirling accusations and counter claims that by Shakespeare’s time he is portrayed as “a physically deformed machiavellian villain, albeit courageous and witty …”. Now it is indeed true that king died in battle (final and decisive battle of the War of Roses) and was hastily buried and his remains were lost for just over a half-millenia.

Richard III was lost and spent the the first 500+ years of his eternal life, ignominiously buried beneath a parking lot in Leicester. They (the Brits) finally located where his bones were and the bones were unearthed in 2012 . Even though they had to ascertain whose bones were unearthed in that parking lot, this re-commenced a less violent and less heroic struggle for Richard III ‘s bones. After half a millenia in the ground we developed the ability look at DNA and via mtDNA and compared to those of a direct descendant of Richard’s sister. So now we have the remains of King Richard III for certain and as I foreshadowed the forces  of several armies immediately sought to lay claim to the bones. This mayhem precipitated a judicial review. The magistrates have ruled and now a proper party, er, um, ahem,  burial will be had and Richard III will be interred Saturday, March 28, 2015 at the Leicester Cathedral. There the king will lie in repose for three days prior to beginning the next part of his eternal life. King Richard III’s remains will lie in repose for three days, during which time the public can pay their respects. The first service, on March 26, will be followed by similar events on March 27 and 28 leaving plenty of time for people to plan their vacations to be a part of this august ceremony and  be able to purchase all of the bric-a-brac that is incumbent at major genealogical events !

Now we come to the heart of the matter for this jester. I  inveigle all of my Anglo-Genealogists and Royalists of all stripes to properly update their family trees to show the accurate burial date and place of poor Richard III. The king’s remains will now be deposited  inside a lead ossuary placed inside an English-oak coffin — all of which will be placed inside a brick-lined vault in the cathedral floor of  Leicester Cathedral. Let the Wikipedia editors take note too!

So let it be written.

#AccuracyInGenealogy

P.S.  —  As the picture shows, Shakespeare was at least correct in the physical deformity part of his portrayal.


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